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乡村振兴需要 集约高效的物流综合服务保障

2020-10-12 10:57:34 来源:中国交通新闻网 作者:孙家庆 唐丽敏 吴峰 靳志宏

SUIZHEXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEDESHISHIYUTUIJIN,WEILAIDENONGCUNSHIBICHENGWEIGUOMINJINGJIFAZHANHEKUODANEIXUDEZHONGYAOLINGYU,JIAOTONGYUNSHUYIDINGSHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGDEXIANXINGXINGYEHEZHONGYAOJICHUBAOZHANG。DANGQIAN,WOGUONONGYEJIEGOUBUDUANYOUHUA,NONGCUNXINCHANYE、XINYETAI、XINMOSHIPENGBOFAZHAN,NONGCUNFAZHANXINDONGNENGJIAKUAIXINGCHENG,NONGYESHENGCHANJINGYINGFANGSHIFASHENGZHONGDABIANHUA,TONGSHIYECUNZAINONGCUNYIERSANCHANYERONGHEFAZHANSHENDUBUGOU、NONGCUNJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEZHIHOU、CHENGXIANGZHIJIANYAOSULIUDONGXIAOLVBUGAODENGWENTI,JIDAIGOUJIANYIJIAOTONGYUNSHUWEIZAITIDENONGCUNYITIHUAWULIUZONGHEFUWUPINGTAI,YIPINGTAIDEDUOYUANHUA、DUOGONGNENG、DUOFANGWEIFUWU,CUJINSHIXIANCHENGXIANGYITIHUAFAZHAN、TUIJINGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEHEYOUHUACHANYEJIEGOU,YINLING、ZHULIXIANGCUNZHENXING。

BENWENJIYUGAOBIAOZHUNTUIDONGNONGCUNJIAOTONGTIDANGSHENGJI,ZHICHENGCHANYEXINGWANGFAZHAN,ZHONGDIANJIANLI“NONGCUNKEYUN+HUOWUYUNSHU”、“NONGCUNKEYUNZHAN+ZONGHEFUWU”、“NONGCUNGONGLU+SHENGTAIWENHUA”DEJICHULINIAN,TICHU“JIAOTONGYUNSHU+NONGCUNYITIHUAZONGHEFUWU”DEFAZHANMOSHI,BINGJIURUHEDAZAONONGCUNYITIHUAWULIUZONGHEFUWUPINGTAITICHUDUICEJIANYI。

打造一体化服务平台具有重要意义

YIJIAOTONGYUNSHUWEIZAITI,GOUJIANNONGCUNYITIHUAWULIUZONGHEFUWUPINGTAI,JUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

JINNIANLAI,JIAOTONGYUNSHU、NONGYENONGCUN、FAZHANGAIGE、GONGXIAO、SHANGWU、YOUZHENGDENGBUMENXIANGJICHUTAIHUOLIANHECHUTAIDUOXIANGCUJINXIANGCUNZHENXINGJIANKANGYOUXUFAZHANDEZHENGCEWENJIAN。DUOXINGYE、DUOBUMEN、DUOFANGWEIGEZIFALICUJINXIANGCUNZHENXING,YOUYUZIYUANDANYILIYONG,HELIBUZU,WEIXINGCHENGXIETONGRONGHEFAZHANDEJUMIAN。ZAIMUQIANXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEXIANGZONGSHENTUIJINDEHUANJINGXIA,POQIEXUYAOGOUJIANDUOYUANZUHE、ZIYUANGONGXIANGDESHEHUIHUAGONGGONGFUWUPINGTAI,ZHENGHEDUOFANGZIYUAN,TUIJINGEFANGZAIZIYUAN、GONGNENG、ZUOYONGDENGFANGMIANDESHENDUHEZUO,XIELIFUWUXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE“CHANYEXINGWANG、SHENGTAIYIJU、XIANGFENGWENMING、ZHILIYOUXIAO、SHENGHUOFUYU”MUBIAO。

TISHENGJIAOTONGJICHUSHESHIZIYUANDESHIYONGJIAZHI。GOUJIANNONGCUNYITIHUAWULIUZONGHEFUWUPINGTAI,KECHONGFENLIYONG“SIHAONONGCUNLU”DELUWANGTIAOJIANHEKEHUOYUNZHANDIANDEJICHUHUANJING,YI“NONGCUNKEYUN+HUOWUYUNSHU”、“NONGCUNKEYUNZHAN+ZONGHEFUWU”、“NONGCUNGONGLU+SHENGTAIWENHUA”DEJICHULINIAN,YI“JIAOTONGYUNSHU+NONGCUNYITIHUAZONGHEFUWU”DEFAZHANMOSHI,KUOCHONGQIGONGNENG,POJIE“SIHAONONGCUNLU”DEJINGYINGNANTI,JIAKUAIXINGCHENGNONGCUNJIAOTONGYUNSHUJICHUSHESHIZIWOWANSHAN、LIANGXINGFAZHANDAOLU。

CUJINCHENGXIANGSHUANGXIANGGAOXIAOLIUTONG。TONGGUOGOUJIANNONGCUNYITIHUAWULIUZONGHEFUWUPINGTAI,JIANGJINYIBUWANSHANCHENGXIANGYUNSHUZHANCHANGTIXI,BUQINONGCUNWULIUDUANBAN,YICHENGXIANGHUTONG、XIANXIANGCUNHULIAN、CHANGTONGGAOXIAOWEIMUBIAO,JIAKUAIGOUJIANYIXIANJINONGCUNWULIUZHONGXINWEINIUDAI、XIANGZHENZONGHEYUNSHUZHANWEIJIEDIAN、CUNJIZONGHEYUNSHUFUWUDIANWEIYANSHENDESANJINONGCUNWULIUWANGLUOTIXI,CUJINNONGFUCHANPINJINCHENGHENONGZI、NONGCUNXIAOFEIPINXIAXIANGSHUANGXIANGLIUTONG。

GAISHANXIANGFENGWENMING、SHENGTAIYIJURENWENHUANJING。NONGCUNYITIHUAZONGHEFUWUPINGTAIJIANSHE,BAGAISHANCHENGXIANGGONGGONGJIAOTONGTIAOJIAN、FANGBIANQUNZHONGRICHANGCHUXINGZUOWEISHOUYAOYUANZE,TONGGUOFUWUPINGTAIJIANSHEDEYINLING,YOUHUACHENGXIANGKEYUNZUZHI,TISHENGXIANGCUNLVYOUYUNSHUBAOZHANGNENGLI,QIANGHUANONGCUNKEYUNANQUANGUANLI,FAHUIXIANJINDIANXINGSHIFANZUOYONG,JINYIBUJIAQIANGCHENGXIANGLIANDONG,SHICHENGSHIGONGGONGJIAOTONGXIANLUZHUBUXIANGXIANGZHENHEJIANZHICUNYANSHEN,TUIDONGCHENGXIANGGONGJIAOXIANLUWANGLUOHUAJIANSHE,ZENGQIANGGONGJINENGLI,YOUHUAZIYUANPEIZHI,TIGAOFUWUPINZHI,GENGHAOBAOZHANGQUNZHONGCHUXINGANQUANKEKAO、JINGJISHIYONG、BIANJIEGAOXIAO。

WEINONGYEXIANDAIHUAHENONGCUNJINGJIZHUANXINGSHENGJITIGONGZHONGYAOZHICHENG。YINONGCUNWULIUWEIQIERUDIANHEZHELIDIAN,JIAKUAIJIEDIANJIANSHE,QIANGHUAZIYUANZHENGHE,JIAQIANGRENCAIPEIXUN,JINYIBUTISHENGNONGCUNWULIUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE、GUANLIHEFUWUSHUIPING,CHONGFENFAHUINONGCUNWULIUJIEDIANZIYUANJIJUHEFUSHEDAIDONGZUOYONG,TONGGUOSHANGMAOLIU、ZIJINLIU、RENCAILIUDEYOUXIAOLIUTONG,ZAIZONGHEFUWUPINGTAISHANGYINDAOZHICHIWUCHECHENGYUNSHIDIANQIYE、WULIUQIYE、DIANZISHANGWUQIYEJIJICANYUNONGCUNWULIUXINXIHUAJIANSHE,JIANLISHIYINGNONGCUNFAZHANDEXINXIFUWUPINGTAI,CUJINNONGCUNWULIUXINXIHULIANHUTONG、JIYUEGONGXIANGHEGAOXIAOLIANDONG。TONGGUOSHANGMAOLIU、ZIJINLIU、RENCAILIUYOUXIAOLIUTONG,CUJINNONGCUNWULIUJIAKUAIFAZHAN,WEISHIXIANNONGYEXIANDAIHUAHENONGCUNJINGJIZHUANXINGSHENGJITIGONGZHONGYAOZHICHENG。

搭建平台应牵住交通引领的“牛鼻子”

FAHUIPINGTAIGONGNENGJIAZHI,SHIXIANNONGCUNSHENGCHANYAOSUJIJU。TONGGUOGOUJIANNONGCUNWULIUYITIHUAZONGHEFUWUPINGTAI,KESHIXIANGONGNENGBAOKUO:TUDILIUZHUAN、NONGZINONGJI、DIANZISHANGWU、CANGCHUWULIU、JINRONGZIXUN、JIAOYUPEIXUNJICHUANGYEFUHUA,CAIQUZHENGFUZHUDAO、QIYEYINLING、SHEHUICANYU“SANWEIYITI”DEZUZHIMOSHI,SHISHIPINGTAIFUWUGONGNENG,DAZAONONGCUNSANDATIXI,JICHANYETIXI、SHENGCHANTIXI、JINGYINGTIXI,SHIXIANNONGYESHENGCHANJINGYINGZHUTIJISHENGCHANYAOSUDEJIJU,CONGERWEISHIXIANNONGCUNCHANYEZHENXING、NONGMINSHENGHUOFUYUDEZONGTIYAOQIUDIANDINGJICHU。

YITUO“SIHAONONGCUNLU”,SHIXIANCHENGXIANGYAOSUGAOXIAOLIUDONG。YI“SIHAONONGCUNLU”JIANSHEWEIZAITI,TUIDONGNONGCUNWULIUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,GOUJIANXIAN、XIANG、CUNSANJIWULIUWANGLUOJIEDIAN,DAZAO“SIHAONONGCUNLU”YANXIANDESHENGCHANFUWUXINGXIANGCUNZHENXINGZONGHEFUWUZHAN,CHENGZAIYITIHUAZONGHEFUWUPINGTAIDEGEXIANGFUWUGONGNENG,CONGERSHIXIANCHENGXIANGYAOSUGAOXIAOLIUDONG,TIGAONONGYEGONGJIZHILIANG,CUJINNONGCUNCHANYEHUASHENGJIHECHENGXIANGGONGGONGFUWUJUNDENGHUA,BAOZHANGCHENGXIANGTONGBUFAZHAN。

YIJIAOTONGWEIYINLING,DATONGNONGCUNGONGYINGLIANGUANDAO,JIFANONGCUNJINGJIZAOXUEHUOLI。YIPINGTAIDEZONGHEFUWUGONGNENGHECHANYEJIJUXIAOYING,TISHENGNONGCUNQUYUJINGJIDEJINGZHENGLI;YI“GONGYINGLIAN+NONGCHANPINSHANGXING”WEIQIERUDIAN,DATONGNONGCUNGONGYINGLIANGUANDAO,LADONGZHONGZHIDAHU、JIATINGNONGCHANG、HEZUOSHEDENGXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIFAZHAN,KECUISHENG“NONGCHANPINJIDIZHIGONG”、WUGONGHAIGAOJIAZHINONGTIANZONGHEKAIFA、QUYULVSEGONGLUJINGJIDAIDENGDUOZHONGCHANYEXINGTAI。QIANZHUJIAOTONGYINLINGDE“NIUBIZI”,JIUQIANDONGLEZHENGGENONGYEGONGYINGLIANTIAO,YOUXIAODAIDONGNONGMINZENGSHOU、TUOPIN、ZHIFU,SHENCENGCITUIJINXIANGCUNZHENXING。

平台的架构与运转的初步设想

PINGTAIDEJIAGOUYUGONGNENG。PINGTAIYOUTUDILIUZHUANFUWUZHONGXIN、NONGZINONGJIJIAOYIZHONGXIN、DIANZISHANGWUZHONGXIN、WULIUPEISONGZHONGXIN、ZHILIANGANQUANYUJINRONGFUWUZHONGXIN、JIAOYUPEIXUNYUCHUANGYEZHONGXIN、WENHUALVYOUZHONGXINQIDAZHONGXINZUCHENG。

GAIPINGTAIYINGYIFUWUXIANGCUNZHENXINGFAZHANMUBIAOWEILILUNZHIDAO,YI“JIAOTONGYUNSHU”WEIZAITI,YI“SIHAONONGCUNLU”YANXIANKEHUOYUNZHANDIANHENONGCUNCHAOSHIWEIJICHU,YIXIAN、XIANG、CUNSANJINONGCUNWULIUWANGLUOWEIZHICHENG,YIZIYUANZHENGHE、DUOYERONGHE、SILIUHEYI(WULIU、KELIU、ZIJINLIU、XINXILIU)、KUAQUYUHEZUO、DUOBUMENHELITUIJINWEIFAZHANZHONGDIAN,CHONGFENFAHUIJIAOTONGYUNSHU、SHANGWU、GONGXIAO、YOUZHENGDENGGEBUMEN、GEXINGYEHELONGTOUQIYEDEGUANLIHEZIYUANYOUSHI,SHIXIANTUDILIUZHUAN、NONGZINONGJIFUWU、DIANSHANGFUWU、WULIUPEISONGFUWU、ZHILIANGANQUANJIANGUAN、JINRONGFUWU、JINENGPEIXUNYUCHUANGYEFUHUA、WENHUALVYOUDENGGONGNENG。

PINGTAIDEZUJIANYUYUNYING。GAIZONGHEFUWUPINGTAIKECAIQUZHENGFUYINDAO、LONGTOUQIYEDAJIANYUYUNYING、SHEHUICANYUDEMOSHIJIANSHE。JIZHENGFUZHIDINGZHENGCEYUGUANLIBANFA、XUANBAJUYOUKEJIZHICHENGNENGLI、REXINNONGYEDELONGTOUQIYEZUOWEIPINGTAIJIANSHEYUYUNYINGZHUTI,XINAGEZHONGFUWUJIGOUYUQIYEGONGTONGCANYU。GAIPINGTAIDECHUANGXINZHICHUZAIYU,TONGGUOJIANGZHENGFU、DISANFANGJIGOU、SHEHUIHUADEFUWUDENGGONGNENGZHENGHEZAIYIQI,JIWEINONGYESHENGCHANHESHENGHUOTIGONGJIDABIANLI,SHIXIANNONGYEDESHENGCHAN、XIAOSHOU、WULIU“SANWEIYITI”XIETONGFAZHAN,YEYITUOPINGTAIJIANGNONGMINDETUDIXINXI、XIAOFEIXINGWEIXIANSHANGHUA,CONGERXINGCHENGDASHUJU,YIJIEJUENONGCUNJINRONGXINYONGSHUJUBUWANSHANDENANTI。

需要多部门联动推进平台建设

YIFUWUMINSHENGWEIGENBENGOUJIANNONGCUNZONGHEFUWUTIXI,WEIXIANGCUNZHENXINGJUHELI。KETONGGUOJIANLIBUSHENGLIANXIHUIYIZHIDU、XIEZUOKAIZHANSHIDIANSHIFAN、JIADAZHENGCEZHICHILIDU、JIAQIANGNONGCUNZONGHERENCAIPEIYANGDENGDUOZHONGTUJINGYUXIANGGUANSHENGFENKAIZHANSHENDUHEZUO,XINGCHENGBUJIZHICHENG、SHENGZHENGFUQIANTOU、SHI(XIAN)ZHUDAODEXINJIZHI,SHIJIAOTONGYUNSHU、FAZHANGAIGE、SHANGWU、NONGYENONGCUN、GONGXIAO、YOUZHENGDENGBUMENZHIJIANZHENZHENGXINGCHENGHELI,CUJINXIANGCUNZHENXINGJIANKANGFAZHAN。

YIXINGCHENG“GUIMOXIAOYING”WEIHEXINZHUANGDANONGCUNJINGYINGZHUTI,WEIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZENGSHILI。GULI、ZHICHIGUIMOJIAODA、JICHUJIAOHAODEYOUZHENG、KUAIDIQIYE、DAOLUYUNSHUQIYEYANSHENNONGCUNJINGYINGFUWUWANGLUO,TUIDONGNONGCHANPINWULIUQIYEXIANGCHANGONGXIAOYITIHUAFANGXIANGFAZHAN,NULISHIXIANQIYEDEGUIMOHUA、JIYUEHUAFAZHAN,YINDAOZHICHIZHONGXIAOQIYELIANMENGFAZHAN,SHIXIANZIYUANZHENGHEYUGONGXIANG;YOUHUANONGCUNWULIUYUNSHUZUZHIFANGSHI,TUIGUANGDINGSHI、DINGDIAN、DINGXIANDENONGCUNWULIU“HUOYUNBANXIAN”MOSHI,GULIKEYUNBANCHEDAIYUNYOUJIANHEKUAIJIAN,YINDAOYUNSHUQIYEYUNONGCUNSHANGMAOLIUTONGQIYE、GONGXIAOHEZUOSHEGONGTONGZHIDINGYUNSHU、PEISONGJIHUA,JIJIFAZHANYICHENGDAIXIANG、CHENGXIANGYITIDENONGCUNWULIUGONGTONGPEISONGMOSHI;GULIGONGSHANGZIBENTOUZICHANYEHUA、GUIMOHUADENONGCUNWULIUXIANGMU。

YIFAHUI“HULIANWANG+”DE“CHENGSHUXIAOYING”WEIZHANGYUANMUBIAOTUIDONGNONGCUNZONGHEFUWUTIXIFAZHAN,WEIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZENGDONGLI。YITUONONGCUNLONGTOUGUGANQIYEWANGZHANHUOXIANGGUANXINXIFUWUPINGTAI,JIANSHEHUOGAIZAONONGCUNGELEIXINXIPINGTAI,SHIXIANKUAXINGYENONGCUNXINXIDEHULIANGONGXIANGHEXITONGGONGJIAN;TUIJINNONGCUNJICENGFUWUZHANDIANDEXINXIHUASHENGJIGAIZAO,WANSHANNONGCUNMODUANXINXIWANGLUO,BAZHONGDUANFUWUTUISONGDAOGUANGDANONGHU,WEINONGCUNTIGONGJIBENGONGGONGFUWUXINXIFUWU。

YI“BUQIDUANBAN”WEIZHONGDIANWANSHANWULIUJICHUSHESHI,WEIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZENGQIANLI。CHONGFENLIYONGJIAOTONGYUNSHU、NONGYENONGCUN、SHANGWU、GONGXIAO、YOUZHENGDENGXINGYEXIANYOUDENONGCUNXIANGZHENKEYUNZHAN、XIANGZHENYOUZHENGSUO、NONGZIZHANDENGZIYUAN,ANZHAO“JISANWEIZHENG、DUOZHANHEYI”DEMOSHI,YINDIZHIYIJIANSHEJUYOUKEYUNFUWU、NONGZIJINONGCHANPINCANGCHU、RIYONGPINFENBOPEISONG、KUAIDIPEISONGDENGGONGNENGDENONGCUNZONGHEYUNSHUFUWUZHAN;JIANQUANNONGCUNWULIUMODUANWANGLUO,YITUONONGJIADIAN、NONGCUNZONGHEFUWUSHE、CUNYOUZHAN、KUAIDIWANGDIAN、NONGCHANPINGOUXIAODAIBANZHANDENG,FAZHANJINMIXINGNONGCUNWULIULIANXIWANGDIAN,SHIXIANCUNTUNWANGDIANDERONGHE;ZHENDUINONGCUNHUOYUNCHANGZHAN(WULIUZHONGXIN)SHULIANGBUZU、GONGNENGQIANQUEDESHIJIQINGKUANG,JIANYIZHIDINGZHUANMENDETOUZIBUZHUBANFA。

作者单位:大连海事大学物流研究院

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